When it comes to keeping fish in an aquarium, problems are inevitable. Big or small, old or new, it does not matter. You will always encounter problems; all you need to do is to reduce them.
Finding the problems and handling them before they become unmanageable is one of the ways to learn more about the functioning of the system and how to keep the tank healthy in future.
Most of the issues with fish tanks boil down to the quality of water. This is not a surprise, because the quality of water is the most important part of any tank setup. However, the issue with the quality of water differs from one to the next. Let us look at the most common problems you will come across, and how to handle them the right way.
Algae is a normal occurrence in any aquarium; you have to find a way to minimize it. Even healthy tanks have some form of algae in the tank. The goal should not be keeping the tank algae free, but minimizing the growth of the algae.
Algae growth is dictated by two things – food and light. If you allow direct sunlight to get to the tank, you need to expect some algae to grow. Additionally, if you overfeed the fish, you expect to have algae growing in the tank.
Eliminating an existing algae growth is all about controlling the level of these two components. All you need to do is to reduce exposure to light and cut off the supply of nutrients to the algae.
To reduce the light, allow exposure for just a few hours each day, and cut down the feeding to once every two days until you notice the algae reducing.
You can also use a good gravel vacuum to remove as much algae as you can. You can also change the water so that you cut off the source of food to the algae.
Another better option is to introduce fish that feed on algae. This removes the algae directly, reducing it.
One of the signs that your water is infested with algae is it turns a greenish colour. The green colour is due to the free-floating algae.
Some fish tank owners wake up in the morning to find the water cloudy with the fish barely visible. There are a few reasons why water can be cloudy. First, the water can be cloudy in a new tank due to the fine particles that arise from the substrate. This is usually nothing to worry about because the particles end up settling down or get filtered out within a few days. If the cloudiness persists, then you need to worry.
The water can also be cloudy if the source of the water to the tank is high in heavy metals or dissolved minerals. You need to check the pH of the water to confirm whether this is the cause. If this is the situation, you need to use a water conditioner to correct the pH of the water and remove the excess minerals. You need to be careful not to change the pH of the water too fast because this might affect the fish.
This is usually called the “new tank” syndrome. Many people find that the moment they set up the tank, the fish die over the following few days or weeks. This is because most of the homeowners do not realize that there is more to keeping fish in the home than the occasional filter change.
At times, this happens because of overcrowding. You need to make sure you get the right size of tank from Come Into The Water to prevent overcrowding and possible death of the fish.
The real deal when it comes to keeping fish in a tank is the kind of bacteria that you add to the tank. This bacteria is the one that breaks down the waste from highly toxic ammonia to harmless nitrates. Without these bacteria, the fish end up being poisoned from their waste.
Keeping an aquarium successfully is not all about buying it, adding water and some fins – it involves many tasks. Make sure that you take time to understand the various problems that might arise and mitigate them.